There are a few different ways to address white balance issues, both on the front end and the back end of video production.
Most modern cameras have Auto White Balance modes, as well as preset settings for fluorescent lighting, shade, outdoors, and so on. These settings work in some situations, but the camera can easily be fooled by simple roadblocks (like an image without any white in it). More complex shots typically require a custom white balance adjustment.
One of the most reliable ways to produce balanced raw footage is to use an analog white balance filter. It’s a translucent disc that you attach to your camera’s lens, which helps your camera determine the average color temperature of the subject you’re shooting.
Here’s a quick rundown on how to use a white balance filter:
- Adjust your other settings (exposure, flash, frame rate, etc.) to suit the scene you’re looking to capture.
- Attach your white balance filter to your lens.
- Orient your camera towards your subject and take a picture.
- Open the custom white balance setting on your camera if your device has one. Use this picture (an image of the translucent filter) to adjust the balance.
- Remove the physical white balance filter and start shooting, but remember to repeat this process regularly to keep up with changing conditions.
However, this requires foresight and equipment that you may not have on a particular project. You can always “filter” your footage using a digital white balance tool. With reliable and powerful editing software like Runway, this can very closely match the effectiveness of an analog filter.